•      Mon May 20 2024
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Govt to conduct objective study of demographic distribution



Ram Chandra Paudel

Kathmandu, May 15: The government has said that the targeted programs will be launched by conducting an objective study of the demographic distribution to ensure constitutional rights including education, health, employment and social justice. Gender responsive governance system will be institutionalized at all three tiers of government.

In the policy and program unveiled on Tuesday, it has said that the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, the Beijing Declaration, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities will be internalized.

The President Women Empowerment Program will be restructured and made more effective. Air rescue operations of pregnant women and new mothers whose lives are at risk in remote areas will be expanded in coordination with respective provinces. Ward-centred special women and social development programs will be implemented in districts that are lagging behind in terms of human development index.

Women Help Desk in police station

Social evils and exploitation such as abuse of children, violence against women, human trafficking, rape, untouchability, drug addiction, Chhaupdi, dowry and Tilak will be ended. The legal system related to control of social evils will be strictly implemented to control problems such as dowry, witches, Jhankri, Chaupadi etc. Simple, accessible and quick judicial adjudication arrangements will be made for cases related to all kinds of violence, discrimination and exploitation, including rape and domestic violence. Women Help Desk will be arranged in all Police Stations.

The physical infrastructure of child homes, child villages and child correction homes will be developed under the cost sharing and management of all three tiers of government. Health insurance will be arranged for the children in the child correction homes. Juvenile justice system will be made more effective. Emergency child rescue and rehabilitation program will be launched at the provincial level for the rescue and protection of orphan, helpless, physically handicapped, disabled, abandoned, victims of violence and street children.

Nepal free from street people by 2082 BS

Emergency child rescue fund will be arranged at the provincial and local levels for the rescue, protection and rehabilitation of orphans, helpless, abandoned, physically handicapped, disabled, victims of violence and street children. Special education program will be launched for Dalits, minorities, endangered, backward areas, economically disadvantaged and students with autism and other disabilities and those in child correction homes. By the year 2082, Nepal will be made free from the street people in coordination and collaboration with organizations involved in rescue, protection and rehabilitation of the street people.

Policy arrangements will be made regarding the role of family and society for the care of senior citizens. Senior citizens will be accorded priority in public services and concessions will be provided. Arrangements will be made to provide free treatment to senior citizens, and regular checkups and medicines at home will be arranged to them through the local level.

Protection of disabled, minorities

Disability special programs will be launched to ensure their dignified life for the disabled persons. Public structures and services will be made disability friendly. Arrangements will be made to produce necessary assistive devices for people with disabilities within the country and provide them free of charge through the local level. The rights of Dalits, Mushars, backward classes, Badi, endangered and marginalized castes and gender minorities will be protected.

By reviewing existing institutional mechanism, legal and policy arrangements will be made for the mobilization of non-governmental organizations in the areas of national needs and priorities.

Basic education will be ensured for all children within the next five years. Alternative non-formal education will be provided to children out of school. Revision will be made in the primary and child development education system. Necessary arrangements will be made for the transfer of knowledge, skills and experience from senior citizens to the children and youth of new generation.

In order to minimize the disparity in teaching and learning by making school education technologyfriendly and to enhance everyone’s access to quality education, the concept of “One Municipality, One Smart School” will be implemented. The local level will be facilitated by preparing model laws, guidelines and procedures to run schools, manage teachers and promote native language and culture.

The mid-day meal program will be modified to provide nutritious, fresh and quality meal to basic level students by utilizing local products. The indigent-targeted scholarship will be extended up to the 12th grade. In order to increase the access of the Dalit community to higher education of technical stream, Dalit-targeted poor and genius scholarship program will be conducted.

Teaching and learning activities will be reformed by revising the National Curriculum Framework. System of Sathibata Sikne, Sathilai Sikaune (peer-learning) will be encouraged in schools. Skills and trainings will be provided to students above ten years of age in coordination with concerned agencies on matters related to daily lives such as traffic awareness, healthy life, basic first aid treatment methods, environment and sanitation and measures to avoid disasters.

Basic training on functioning of the government will be provided to the students of higher education. Students on academic leave will be made to engage in nonformal education and community development activities. “Career Counseling Program” will be launched in community schools.

Research, innovation, vocational education and entrepreneurship will be made an integral part of higher education. In partnership and collaboration with the private sector, human resource will be managed by developing a real-time digital system with the actual status of human capital production, utilization and turnover. Immediately needed human resource will be produced by conducting ‘Bootcamp Model’ program in collaboration with public, private and other related sectors.

Visa will be facilitated for foreign students coming to Nepal for education. Policy and institutional arrangements will be made to grant equivalence of academic degrees of different universities based on curriculum of similar nature. Arrangements will be made to conduct research on behalf of public entities through academic and research organizations including universities. Outcome of such research works will mandatorily be submitted to the concerned agencies and utilized for system reform.

The curriculum development procedure of technical and vocational education will be revised. National skill standards will be developed based on the demand of labour market. Arrangements will be made for the operation and management of technical schools by the provincial level. Programs of technical stream of community schools will be mapped and restructured.

Local level will be encouraged to conduct programmes of technical stream in schools. Special program will be launched for the students completed grade 10 for skill development in various fields.

The capacity of teachers and educational quality will be upgraded by enhancing the capacity of educational training centers. The teaching profession will be made more qualitative, attractive and dignified by providing opportunities of scholarship and leadership development to teachers. An integrated digital system providing objective information on matters including transfer, promotion, performance evaluation, and training of teachers will be developed and put into operation. Arrangements will be made to provide teacher’s salary on a monthly basis.

In order to fulfill the deficiency of English, Mathematics and Science teachers in secondary schools, arrangements will be made to assign students studying at the university for an evaluation-based teaching internship. Arrangements will be made to allow persons, who have attained minimum
qualifications in relevant subjects, in addition to the Faculty of Education, to enter the teaching service. The knowledge, skills and experience of retired teachers and employees will be utilized to improve the educational environment and quality. The legal provision will fully be enacted prohibiting professors, teachers or employees of government, community and organized schools to be members of political parties.

Universities, schools, researchers, scientists will be mobilized for the implementation of scientific research and innovation programmes and Non-Resident Nepalis will be called for their assistance to this end. The curriculum of the university will be revised to include science, communication and information technology subjects. Patent registration of knowledge and products developed through research and innovation and
conveyance of the products to market will be facilitated.

Five schools affiliated to Martyr foundation, Nepal will be operated centrally under single umbrella. Two more such schools will be established to make one school in each province. The capacity of concerned agencies will be enhanced for timely printing and delivery of school level textbooks. Uniformity will be maintained in the price of school level textbooks.

A medical college with a capacity of 300 beds and an academic program will be launched this year at Shaheed Dashrath Chand University of Health Sciences. Necessary preparations will be made for the establishment and operationalization of medical colleges in different places of the country including Udaypur, Morang, Parsa and Chitwan. Bachelor’s level classes under the Faculty of Medicine will be commenced in Pokhara Academy of Health Sciences from this year. Hospitals will be operationalized under the Purbanchal University.